Alveoloplasty is dental surgery that is carried out to remove protuberances and to smooth out other uneven areas from toothbearing bone in the jaw. Alveoplasty is performed either under a general anaesthetic (see anaesthesia, dental) or, more usually, under local anaesthetic. The procedure is usually carried out to facilitate the fitting of dentures on people whose alveolar ridge, underlying the gums, would not otherwise be smooth and even enough for dentures to be fitted easily or worn comfortably.

An incision is made in the gum, which is then peeled back to expose the uneven bone. The bone is then either reshaped with large forceps or filed down to the required shape. Finally, the gum is drawn back over the bone and stitched together. Some bruising and swelling of the mouth may occur, but the gum usually heals within two weeks.